BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported that multitasking reduces the productivity by 40 to 50 percent. Experts suggest that a company loses an average of 2 hours every day in employee productivity when employees multitask and also lowers their intelligence quotients by ten points. This is because switching from one task to another makes it difficult to tune out distractions and can cause mental blocks that can slow down your progress.
Multi Tasking can mean performing two tasks simultaneously. It can also involve switching back & forth from one task to another. In True management, multitasking is seen as a negative act that could bring more damage to the organization than the positive point of completing a couple of tasks in a given time frame. In many studies on the impact of multitasking, the extent of damage caused is determined by measuring the time lost by switching tasks. Reality of Multitasking
The fact is multitasking is accepted as a way of modern life for eg: We could be driving and at the same time discussing with a partner on a very important issue. In the past, many people believed that multitasking was a good way to increase productivity. What’s lacking is the understanding of the fact that switching from one task to the next has an adverse effect on productivity. Heavy Multitaskers have more trouble tuning out distractions than people who focus on one task at a time. Dangers/Drawbacks of Multitasking 1.
Increased Risk of Injury: The number one danger of multitasking is the increased risk of injury for example, driving and texting is multitasking – you are doing more than one thing at a time, and dividing your attention between the two tasks. This is dangerous and greatly increases your chances of having an accident. 2. Lack of Quality: Lack of quality is another issue with multitasking. When you are doing more than one thing at a time, none of the activities that you are doing have your full attention, and there will most often be a lack of quality in the work that you are doing.
Studies have found that when an employee focuses on just one thing, the quality of their work is better. 3. Constant Distraction and Overwhelmed: Another well known danger of multitasking is the feeling that you are constantly distracted and overwhelmed. 4. Half Attention: Multitasking becomes an issue when it involves deeper cognitive thinking. University of Michigan did research regarding multi-tasking and found that an individual who checked e-mail while working on a project took much longer to complete the task because of going back and forth between the two.
When the person took the time to do both tasks separately, it took half the time. 5. Time Loss: The American Psychological Association reports that whether people talk on cell phones while driving they are establishing priorities among tasks and allocating the mind’s resources to them. Consider the example of a driver using a cell phone. During the time the car is not totally under control by the driver, it can travel far enough to crash into obstacles the driver might have otherwise avoided if not using the phone.